The project was divided into two main work streams: mapping of recycling processes and a design for circularity analysis.
Mapping of recycling processes
The project team analyzed global vehicle and battery recycling processes to determine the recycling potential for electric vehicles in the client’s key markets. The analysis considered geographical disparities in recycling systems, processes, and legislation. It also included a projection of future demand and supply of recycled material for battery manufacturing.
Design for circularity analysis
To understand how much the design of the car aligns with the circular economy loops – prolong, repair, remanufacture, refurbish and recycle – a Design for Circularity analysis was performed using our product analysis framework. The framework considers the circular economy loops from three key perspectives: Product Design, System, and Business Model. The analytical process included a physical disassembly of a car and a high voltage battery as well as interviews with experts and desk research. The analysis resulted in a circular economy design guideline that will function as a tool for engineers when designing future vehicles.
The final report provided the client’s design and strategy team with in-depth knowledge of both the current and future state of recycling. It further pinpointed the client’s challenges and opportunities to design a more circular vehicle. The results showed that through well-considered decisions taken early in the design phase, the client can impact the feasibility of circular economy strategies through the entire lifecycle of the vehicle.